The 1257 Samalas eruption was a major volcanic eruption of the ... -
1257 samalas eruption

The 1257 Samalas eruption was a major volcanic eruption of the ...

wikipedia - 14 Nov 2016
The 1257 Samalas eruption was a major volcanic eruption of the Samalas volcano, next to Mount Rinjani on the island of Lombok, Indonesia. It left a large caldera next to Rinjani volcano, the lake Segara Anak. This volcanic eruption reached a volcanic explosivity index of 7, making it one of the largest eruptions of the Holocene. The occurrence of this eruption was originally deduced from ice core information revealing a spike in sulfate deposition around the year 1257; in 2013 the source of this erup
1257 samalas eruption

Killer Volcanoes

NOVA Next - 06 Oct 2017
Follow a team of volcano sleuths as they embark on a worldwide hunt for an elusive volcanic mega-eruption that plunged medieval Earth into a deep freeze. The mystery begins when archaeologists find a hastily dug mass grave of 4,000 men, women, and ...
1257 samalas eruption

Are We Prepared for the Next Mega Eruption?

Eos - 30 Mar 2018
A previous VEI 7 eruption in the region, of the Indonesian volcano Samalas at Mount Rinjani in 1257 CE was implicated in the onset of a centuries-long cold period between the 14th and the 19th century called the Little Ice Age. Fortunately, the ...
1257 samalas eruption

Are we ready for another massive volcanic eruption?

Phys.Org - 24 Jan 2017
The 1257 eruption of the Samalas volcano in Indonesia produced a dust cloud that blocked out the sun around the world, and has been blamed for triggering severe food shortages and turmoil worldwide. But analysis of nearly 200 medieval manuscripts, ...
1257 samalas eruption

Indonesia's Top 10 Deadliest Natural Disasters

Indonesia Expat - 28 Aug 2018
Samalas was a mountain alongside Mount Rinjani on Lombok Island. In the 1980s, examinations of ice cores drilled in Greenland and Antarctica revealed a massive spike in sulphates in 1257, indicating a cataclysmic volcanic eruption had occurred – but ...
1257 samalas eruption

Is the Ring of Fire becoming more active?

Nikkei Asian Review - 06 Apr 2018
Although Tambora was the largest eruption in thousands of years, scientists have been able to determine from evidence such as residues in the polar ice caps that Mount Samalas also wrought recent global havoc in 1257, sending record volumes of sulfur ...
1257 samalas eruption

Ancient Rome's Collapse Is Written Into Arctic Ice

The Atlantic - 15 May 2018
Ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica, as well as tree rings from around the world, all show a distinct chemical signature left behind by the eruption of the massive Indonesian volcano Samalas in 1257. Using that eruption and others, as well as a ...
1257 samalas eruption

11 of Indonesia's most dangerous volcanoes throughout history

Coconuts - 20 Sep 2017
An ancestral volcano to Mt. Rinjani in Lombok, Samalas exploded in 1257, hitting a whopping 7 on the VEI, but the volcano is lesser known than Krakatoa and Tambora because it wasn't conclusively identified as the source of the mega-eruption that most ...
1257 samalas eruption

Earthquake swarm lights up Indonesia

temblor - 23 Aug 2018
This caldera, which is just next to Mt. Rinjani was created during a massive eruption in 1257. Mount Samalas, the mountain at which the eruption occurred, along with Mt. Rinjani make up part of an active volcanic arc which stretches throughout Indonesia.
1257 samalas eruption

Past blast: The lost volcano that set off an ice age

New Scientist - 18 Oct 2013
A caldera, the text indicated, was all that was left of Mount Samalas. It dispelled any lingering doubt: Lavigne and his colleagues had discovered the location of the mystery eruption of 1257, possibly the biggest volcanic event since the Stone Age.
1257 samalas eruption

Volcanoes cause other eruptions in faraway, unexpected places

Evening Standard - 08 Jun 2018
In 1257 a massive eruption played a transformative role in English politics. Recent research has finally identified Samalas volcano in South-East Asia (on what is now Lombok) as the culprit. The explosion had the familiar consequences of altering ...

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